GR Travels

Machilipatnam-Fort

The Machilipatnam port, which has a long history dating back to 1st century AD, were in the news recently with the local communities making a vociferous demand for its development. For a long period, the port played a key role in the commerce and trade of the region. It was through this port that the diamonds purchased at Golconda were taken to England. It lost its importance because of wars, natural calamities and pestilence. In 1648-49, the East India Company sanctioned some money for the development of Machilipatnam port. It was just half of what was sanctioned for developing the port at Madras and signalled a period of decline for the Machilipatnam port. The East India Company became cautious after the wars between the King of Golconda and the Hindu Rajas diminished scope for their cloth trade locally. From that time onward less importance was given to the port at Metchlapatnam (the old name for Machilipatnam) than to the port at Madraspatnam (the old name for Chennai).According to a history manual complied by Gordon Mackenzie in 1883, the port at Machilipatnam was in existence since ancient times. Ancient geographers (Ptolemy) mentioned a port named Maesolia on the eastern coast. Ships from Persia berthed there for trading. There was no reference to Machilipatnam in the period of Hindu rule because the people were chiefly pastoral with little or no interest in sea-borne commerce. There is an inscription of 1397 A.D. in a temple located in the Machilipatnam Fort and three more inscriptions of the 12th century in the Ramalingaswami temple in Robertsonpet. Historian Orme wrote that Arabs arrived at Machilipatnam port in the 14th century. The Arabs were engaged in commerce from the Red Sea to South India and some of them might have found their way round Ceylon (old name for Sri Lanka) and eventually to Machilipatnam.According to Mackenzie the first mention of Machilipatnam in History was in connection with the construction of a mosque under the tolerant rule of the Carnatic Rajas. The rulers of the area were at that time at war with the Bahamani kings and were enlisting Muslim soldiers. In 1478, the army of Muhammad Shah Bahamani II captured Machilipatnam. In 1515, Krishna Devaraya defeated the Bahamani kings and put the port under the care of the Orissa Rajas. King of Golconda Quli Qutb Shah captured the area from the Orissa Rajas and it became part of the Golconda kingdom for nearly half a century. It was under the patronage of the Golconda kings that the European traders first established themselves at the port town.The Portuguese were the earliest to establish base at Machilipatnam and the Dutch followed suit. The English entered only in 1611 and established a factory there. According to travelers, who visited Machilipatnam, the primary product that was exported from the port was cloth weaved and dyed at villages in the hinterland. There were references of saltpetre (Potassium Nitrate), turmeric, spices and miscellaneous articles like spotted deer and waterfowl being exported from the port. The imports included all sorts of goods manufactured in England. There was a lot of demand for superfine scarlet and green coloured cloth. East India Company had an agent at Golconda for the purchase of diamonds. War and natural calamity prevented the port from growing any further. In 1686, the Emperor of Delhi defeated the dynasty of Golconda. The Dutch saw an opportunity to take possession of the port. The next year the East India Company declared war against Aurangzeb. In July that year his troops advanced as far as the fort at Kondapalli. The Dutch, English and French deserted the port town thereafter. Great Distress was reported in this part. There was an epidemic in the port town in 1687 and several Europeans died. The Dutch factory was damaged extensively by a huge storm on October 13, 1779. Nearly 20,000 people living in Machilipatnam and nearby villages were killed by the storm.      Book Now



Lighthouse

Machilipatnam or Masulipatam, located in Krishna district of the State of Andhra Pradesh in India is a fishing port and a municipality. It is situated on the estuary of the River Krishna and is a major tourist destination in Andhra Pradesh. This video has for you the lighthouse on the Machilipatnam beach. It is quite a different experience watching the surroundings from the top of this lighthouse. The village near this port can also be seen in this video. A place known from the time of Satavahanas, Machilipatnam is located around 347 km from the capital city of Hyderabad. Light house can be categorised under Miscelleneous and is a popular tourist place in Machilipatnam. This Light house draws huge crowds from the neighbouring places of Hyderabad, Vizag, Vijayawada, Tirupathi, Srisailam, Karimnagar, Nellore, Warangal, Basara, Kadapa. Some of the other tourist places in the city of Machilipatnam - Manginapudi Beach, Donthulammavari gudi, Sri Nageswara Swami Temple, Sri Datha Rameswaram, Sivaganga, Panduranga Swamy Temple, Light house, Catholic church, kanyaka parameswari temple, Bandar Kota      Book Now



Manginapudi-Beach

Manginapudi Beach is located at 11 kms from Machilipatnam in Krishna District, 85 kms away from Vijayawada. It was once an important trading center and a gateway to India. Manginapudi Beach has black soil instead of sands. It is a historic port city, popular health resort and an ideal place for beach lovers. Away from the hustle and bustle, this scenic Beach is just perfect to spend some time in solitude amidst natural beauty. Attractions of the Beach: A park with fountains and well-lit surroundings is located nearby. A full fledged dance school teaching Kuchipudi dance is nearby. Dattashram, an ancient temple of Lord Shiva is located on the banks of sea coast. An old light house on a sea cliff. Manginapudi is a beachside fishing village, located 11 km from Machilipatnam. Previously, this village used to serve as a port. The Manginapudi Beach features a natural bay containing shallow water. Unlike other beaches, the Manginapudi Beach is made of black soil. During the festival of Maghapoornami pilgrims flock at the beachside to take a dip in the seawater. There is also a dance school at the beach, offering courses in Kuchipudi dance form. In the months of February or March, a festival called Krishna Utsav is celebrated at the beachside. Manginapudi opens its arms to welcome the sightseers, from all over the world. A park in the coastline calls for a great picnic-celebration and a visit to the nearby attractive sites. Visitors, during their leisure hours in this charming beaches can step forward to offer prayer in Lord Shiva Temple and walk in around the old light house. One, who is interested to know about the cultural dance of Andhra Pradesh, can check out a few days in the nearby Dance School. Till date, no resorts or hotels have been developed in Manginapudi and visitors can enjoy the grand hospitality at Eswar Residency and Udipi Shri Krishna Bhavan in Machilipatnam.      Book Now



Panduranga-Swamy-Temple

The temple of Sri Panduranga Swami, who is an incarnation of Lord Vishnu, is located at Chilakalapudi near the suburbs of Machilipatnam in the Krishna district of Andhra Pradesh. It is the only temple in the state which is dedicated to Lord Panduranga Vithal. The temple is built in line of the famous temple of Vithoba at Pandharpur in the state of Maharashtra. The temple has a very large premise covering an area of six acres which is thrown away from the Bandar City in a remote location. The main entrance has a huge tower welcoming you into the temple. But, as you enter the temple from west, the sanctum sanctorum of the Lord faces the east which is very rare. People from all castes and communities visit the temple for the blessings of the Lord and they are allowed to enter the main sanctum sanctorum of Lord and touch the feet of the Idol. The idol of Sri Panduranga Vithal measures about 3 feet in height with astounding charm and allure. He is in a standing posture with akimbo (arms resting on the waist) and with powerful smiling looks. The Idol resembles the actual appearance of Lord Krishna in his childhood. He wears a beautiful diamond studded crown, ornaments and namams (designs) adorned all over the body. The diamond in the crown that comes onto his forehead glows and sparkles in such a way the devotees waiting for Darshan can clearly notice it first, despite the sanctum sanctorum being dark. In front of the sanctum sanctorum a vast hall is situated which houses the devotees for Darshans, bhajans etc.An idol of Sri Abhayanjaneya Swami (an incarnation of Lord Hanuman) is installed in front of the Lord. The temple is surrounded on three sides by a Prakaram on which several alcoves are built that hold the images of devotees of Sri Panduranga Vithal. Also, there is a small temple adjacent to the entrance that has the idols of Radha, Rukmini and Satyabhama who all are the consorts of Sri Panduranga Vithal Swami. The temple has a tank which is not in use presently and is in need of some repairs. The temple receives a number of devotees on Pournamis (full moon days) especially on Karthika Pournami on which people come for Samudra Snanalu (holy dip in the sea) and also on Ashadha Shudda Ekadasi. Panduranga Swamy Temple is still maintained by the successors of Bhaktha Narasimham, who refused to hand it over to the Endowments Department of Government.      Book Now



Sai-Maharaj-Devalayam

The temple of Sri Panduranga Swami, who is an incarnation of Lord Vishnu, is located at Chilakalapudi near the suburbs of Machilipatnam in the Krishna district of Andhra Pradesh. It is the only temple in the state which is dedicated to Lord Panduranga Vithal. The temple is built in line of the famous temple of Vithoba at Pandharpur in the state of Maharashtra. The temple has a very large premise covering an area of six acres which is thrown away from the Bandar City in a remote location. The main entrance has a huge tower welcoming you into the temple. But, as you enter the temple from west, the sanctum sanctorum of the Lord faces the east which is very rare. People from all castes and communities visit the temple for the blessings of the Lord and they are allowed to enter the main sanctum sanctorum of Lord and touch the feet of the Idol. The idol of Sri Panduranga Vithal measures about 3 feet in height with astounding charm and allure. He is in a standing posture with akimbo (arms resting on the waist) and with powerful smiling looks. The Idol resembles the actual appearance of Lord Krishna in his childhood. He wears a beautiful diamond studded crown, ornaments and namams (designs) adorned all over the body. The diamond in the crown that comes onto his forehead glows and sparkles in such a way the devotees waiting for Darshan can clearly notice it first, despite the sanctum sanctorum being dark. In front of the sanctum sanctorum a vast hall is situated which houses the devotees for Darshans, bhajans etc.An idol of Sri Abhayanjaneya Swami (an incarnation of Lord Hanuman) is installed in front of the Lord. The temple is surrounded on three sides by a Prakaram on which several alcoves are built that hold the images of devotees of Sri Panduranga Vithal. Also, there is a small temple adjacent to the entrance that has the idols of Radha, Rukmini and Satyabhama who all are the consorts of Sri Panduranga Vithal Swami. The temple has a tank which is not in use presently and is in need of some repairs. The temple receives a number of devotees on Pournamis (full moon days) especially on Karthika Pournami on which people come for Samudra Snanalu (holy dip in the sea) and also on Ashadha Shudda Ekadasi. Panduranga Swamy Temple is still maintained by the successors of Bhaktha Narasimham, who refused to hand it over to the Endowments Department of Government.      Book Now


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