GR Travels

Bidar Fort

Bidar city and fort are located on the edge of the Bidar platueau, the northernmost in Karnataka state. The plateau area, comprising low laterite hills, ends to the north at the Manjira River, a major tributary of the Godavari River. The Karanja River, a sub-tributary, drains the surrounding low-lying areas and feeds into the Manjiri River. Bidar district comprises the only part of the Godavari basin in Karnataka. Geologically, Bidar district is predominantly Deccan Trap with underlying layers of gneiss emerging along the eastern boundary. The plateau has an altitude of 2,200 feet (670 m), and measures 22 miles (35 km) in length and 12 miles (19 km) in width at its broadest. The plateau encompasses a total area of 190 square kilometers (73 sq mi). Bidar fort is built in the form of an irregular rhombus on the edge of the plateau with sheer walls built along the North and the East. The ancient capital Kalyani (Basavakalyan) of the Western Chalukya Empire is situated about 40 miles (64 km) to the west of Bidar. Bidar fort was built by Ahmad Shah wali Bahman; the exact layout of the old fort, with its double lines of defensive fortifications, is no longer discernible. Folklore suggests that the old fort was located in the western portion of the fort.      Book Now

Bahamani Tombs

The Bahmani capital was Ahsanabad (Gulbarga) between 1347 and 1425, when it was moved to Muhammadabad (Bidar). The sultanate reached the peak of its power during the vizierate (1466Ė1481) of Mahmud Gawan. About eighteen kings ruled during the nearly 200 years. After 1518, the kingdom was divided in four: Barishahi (Bidar), Kutbshahi (of Golkonda), Adamshahi (of Ahmadnagar), and Adilshahi (of Bijapur), known collectively as the Deccan sultanates.      Book Now

Mahamud Gawan Madrasa

The Madarasa at Bidar founded by Gawan functioned like a residential University. It was built and maintained on the lines of Madarasa of Khurasan. The imposing and spacious building of the institution is considered as a architectural gem and an important land mark of Bidar. The structure is rectangular in shape and is built in area of 4624 Sq. mtrs. The building is attractively decorated with blue colored titles, the fragments of which can be seen even today. Of the two towers only one is intact. The height of the tower is 131 ft. on the front facade Quaranic Verses are written. The library that existed on the other wing is now destroyed. The Madarasa was a three storied building housing a Mosque, A library, lecture halls, professorís quarters, studentís cubicles facing open courtyard. The students were taught Arabic, Persian languages, theology, philosophy, astronomy, mathematics etc.; They were given free boarding and lodging facilities besides free education. The teaching staff also lived with students. The building suffered much damage due to explosion of gun powder in 1695, it still retains much of the original architectural features. The Madarasa of Mohamed Gawan is the only one of its kind in India. The tomb of Mohamed Gawan situated on a wide platform to the south of Bidar town is simple structure with stone tablet speaking about a martyr without fault and his unjust execution.      Book Now

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