GR Travels

Nelapattu-Bird-Sanctuary

Nellapattu Bird Sanctuary is one of the most frequented tourist spots in Nellore. It attracts migratory birds from all parts of the world and you could find over 1500 pelicans here during migratory season. The rare species of birds seen here include pelicans, spoonbills, night herons, egrets, ducks and many more. Watch towers let you have a great view of the birds. The sanctuary houses a library, museum and auditorium. Nelapattu Bird Sanctuary(NBS) is one of the Wildlife Sanctuaries in Andhra Pradesh and it is located in the Nelapattu Village of Nellore district in Andhra Pradesh. NBS is approximately 85 km (52.8 miles) away from Nellore. It is also called as Nelapattu Wildlife Sanctuary. History of the Nelapattu Bird Sanctuary dates back to the year 1976. It was established by the government of Andhra Pradesh in the year 1976 to protect the resident and migrating birds breeding at Nelapattu village. Nelapattu Bird Sanctuary is a home and a haven for different species of resident and migrating birds. The floristic combination of the sanctuary includes different tree and scrub species such as Manilkara hexandra, Maba buxifolia, Memicylon edule, Buchanania angustifolia, Zizyphus xylopyrus and Barringtonia acutangula (Hijal) etc. Ornithologists recorded occurrence of 187 bird species in the sanctuary, including 50 migrating bird species. NBS is an important breeding site for Spot-billed Pelican, White Ibis, Openbill Stork, Night Heron, and Little Cormorant etc. Other migratory water bird spotted in the sanctuary includes Pintail, Common Teal, Dabchick, Shoveler, Coot, Spot Bill Duck, Grey Heron, Darter, Black-winged Stilt, and Garganey Gadwall etc. The Barringtonia trees spread in the sanctuary are the favorite nesting spots for Spot-billed Pelicans. The Pulicat Lake, which is approximately 10 km (6.21 miles) away from the sanctuary acts as a feeding ground for the roosting pelicans in the NBS. Faunal group found in the NBS include Jackal, Hare, Monitor lizard and Tortoise along with different varieties of snakes. Nelapattu Bird Sanctuary is open throughout the year. But the best time to visit the sanctuary is during the period of October to March. Visitors are advised to get in touch with officials of the sanctuary for complete information on entry timings and fee etc.      Book Now



Penchalakona

This is a sacred place for pilgrims. Penchalakona is situated 80 kms away from Nellore. The temple is dedicated to Lord Narasimha. The temple is situated on the top of Vedagiri Hills. The temple receives more importance from religious point of view as it is believed that the temple was built on the place where Lord Venkateswara had placed his feet. Sri Penusila Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy Temple is located at Penchalakonda in Nellore district of Andhra Pradesh. The presiding deity in this shrine is Lord Lakshmi Narasimha, an incarnation of Lord Vishnu along with His consort Goddess Chenchu Lakshmi. Lord Lakshmi Narasimha is a Swayambhu in this shrine. Sri Penusila Lakshmi Narasimha Swami Temple is a very ancient sacred place. This temple is built according to Agama Shilpa Sastra. Lord Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy also known as Somasila Narasimhaswamy is manifested Himself on a huge rock in Yoga Mudra or meditative posture. Hence the shrine acquired its name as Penusila as Lord is found on a huge rock. Later it became famous as Penchalakona. This shrine is one of Nava Narasimha Kshetras. Beside the temple Kandaleru River flows which originates from the water falls of the mountain ranges. It is believed that Kanva Maharshi stayed here and did penance upon Lord Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy. So the river got its name as Kanvamukhi River. This river is also known as Kandaleru. This temple has beautiful rajagopuram with images of gods and goddesses carved on it. Lord Narasimha Swamy went to Bhairavakona to kill the demons those who were torturing Rishis. Rishis caught umbrellas for Lord, so this place is called as Chatravata. So Lord is also called as Chatravati Narasimha Swamy. As a reason Devotees offer silver and gold umbrellas to the Lord Narasimha Swamy. Lord Vishnu took Narasimha avataram to kill the demon Hiranyakashipa. After killed the demon Lord moved to this forest in Ugra Rupa. In order to cool His anger, Goddess Sridevi came to Him as Chenchu Lakshmi. Cenchu Lakshmi is the daughter of King for Chenchu tribe. Lord married Chenchu Lakshmi and manifested Himself here as huge rock.      Book Now



Pulicat-Lake

Pulicat Lake spreads across Tamilnadu and Andhra Pradesh. It covers more than 600 sq. km area of Nellore in Andhra Pradesh. The scenic lake is a paradise for bird watchers. The lake earned the status of Bird Sanctuary in the year 1976 and it attracts a wide range of migratory birds including egrets, pelican, flamingoes, terns and many more. The rice city, Nellore is a quite place to enjoy your vacation. The tourist places in Nellore here boast of cultural richness and natural beauty. Nellore has many ancient temples, which command your attention and stimulate your interest. Pulicat Sanctuary is a home and a haven for different species of birds and marine animals. The floristic combination of the sanctuary includes 59 species of aquatic vegetation such as Cyanophyceae, Chlorphyceae and Rhodophyceae along with invasive phytoplankton species of Prosopis juliflora, Spirulina major, Oscillatoria spp., Anabaena spp., Rhizosolenia castracanei, Eucampia cornuta and Climacodium frauenfeldianum etc. Pulicat Sanctuary is a haven for different varieties of migrating bird species. Ornithologists recorded occurrence of 115 species of water and land birds in the sanctuary area. It was estimated that every year, approximately 15,000 greater flamingos visit the lake along with pelicans, kingfishers, herons, painted storks, spoonbills and ducks. The concentrations of flamingos are associated with high algal, fish and benthic diversity in the sanctuary. Other water birds found in the sanctuary include spot-billed pelican, seven species of herons and egrets, painted stork, ducks, 20 species of shorebirds, gulls, terns, little grebe, Indian cormorant, little cormorant, Asian openbill stork, black-headed ibis, Eurasian spoonbill, lesser whistling teal, spotbill duck, great thick-knee and stone curlew etc. Several species of birds found during winter season in the sanctuary include white-bellied sea eagle, osprey, harriers and peregrine falcons, wintering waterfowl, bar-headed goose, ruddy Shelduck, Eurasian wigeon, Gadwall, common teal, Northern pintail, Garganey, northern shoveller, Common Pochard, brown-headed gull, black-headed gull, whiskered tern, gull-billed tern and Caspian tern etc. Marine biologists found occurrence of different species of fish in the brackish and fresh waters of the sanctuary. Fish species found in the brackish water of the sanctuary include Mullets and Catfish etc. Pulicat Sanctuary is a nursery for several species of fish. Other fishes found in the sanctuary area include blowfish, barbus, sardines, milk fish, clams, prawns, tiger prawns, jellyfish, finfish and live lagoon green crabs etc. Endangered species such as green sea turtles were also found in the sanctuary area.      Book Now



Sri-Ranganathaswamy-Temple

On the banks of Pennar River lies the famous Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple. The temple belongs to 7th century and it was built by Pallava rulers. The temple stands proof of the architectural excellence of the past with stunning sculpture on the huge walls and doors. The 29-meter tall main entrance and the seven gold kalasams spellbound you. Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple is located on the banks of Penna River at Nellore in Andhra Pradesh. This temple is dedicated to Lord Vishnu in the divine form of Sri Ranganathaswamy. This temple is also known as Talpagiri Ranganathaswamy or Ranganayakulu temple. Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple was built in 7th century by Pallava kings. The temple was later developed by the king Raja Mahendra Varma in 12th century. The 7 storied main entrance gate way Gopura is 70 feet high appears huge. The images of Sages, Lord Brahma, Lord Vishnu and Maheshwara and sculptures reflect the architecture brilliancy. Sri Vishnu Sahasranamavali- The 1000 different names of Lord Vishnu are penned on the walls of sanctum sanctorum. Devotees encircle the temple chanting Sri Vishnu Sahasranamavali. Lord Ranganathaswamy is in reclining posture on Anantha. There is a mirror house which stands as an attraction for the devotees. There is a separate shrine of Goddess Rajya Lakshmi Devi to the south of the main temple and Goddess Andal Ammavari shrine to the north.As per the legend, Lord Vishnu wanted to visit Bhooloka along with His consort Goddess Sridevi. He said Adisesha to be the place as Lordís residence to stay at Bhooloka. Obeying the order of the Lord, Adisesha took the form as a mountain in this place. Thus the place is called as Talpagiri Kshethra. It is believed that sage Kashyapa performed Poundarika Yaga on Ekadasi day here. Lord appeared and blessed him. Sri Vari Brahmotsavam is celebrated in the month of March/April every year. Vaikunta Ekadasi is also celebrated annually witnessed by many devotees. Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple, Ranganayakula Pet Road, Ranganaykulapet, Nellore, Andhra Pradesh-524 001.      Book Now



Udayagiri-Fort

Udayagiri Fort is located at an altitude of 3079 feet above sea level. Situated around 100 kms from Nellore, the fort is in a picturesque environment. The village Udayagiri is situated on hilltop and this hill is famously known as Sanjeevi Hills. A wide range of plants of medicinal value is found here. Evidences available on Udayagiri relate its history from 14th century. The place was then the capital of Langula Gajapati and then it was ruled by the famous Krishna Devaraya of Vijayanagar around 1512. The fort had been under the control of various rulers including Cholas, Pallavas and subsequently it came into the hands of Vijayanagar rulers. It was conquered by Islamic rulers as well. There were 13 buildings in the fort and several temples as well. The influences of various rulers that ruled the fort can be seen in the temples constructed by them during their reign. The fort, in overall, is a blend of various cultures and a fine example of the artistic skills of the bygone era. First known history of the city was from 14th century. It was the capital of local kingdom of Langula Gajapati, chieftain to Gajapatis of Orissa. It came under rule of Krishna Deva Raya of Vijayanagara around 1512. The Udayagiri fort, constructed by Langula Gajapati was inaccessible on most sides. It could be only penetrated only by a jungle track in the east side and a pathway on the west side. The siege by Krishna Deva Raya lasted for 18 months and resulted in defeat for Prataparudra of the Gajapatis. During the reign of Gajapatis and the Vijayanagara Empire, the fort was extended. The entire city and the surrounding hill of 1000 feet height were encircled with walls. The fort consisted of thirteen buildings, with eight of them on the hill and five below. It also consisted of several beautiful temples and gardens. After the fall of the Vijayanagara Empire, it was ruled by chieftains of Golconda. The mosque on top of the hill has two Persian inscriptions that credits the construction of the mosque and the planting a nearby garden to Shaik Husain, chieftain to Sultan Abdullah of Golconda. Then it came under the rule of Nawabs of Arcot, who granted the title of Jagir to Mustafa Ali Khan. His descendants controlled it till 1839, until they were deported by Nawabs again to Chengalpet for their treason. It was formerly a place of immense importance. The walls which once encircled the town have almost entirely disappeared, but much of the fortifications on the neighbouring hill to the west still remains. The fort originally consisted of thirteen separate strongholds, eight on the hill and five below. Inside the walls are the ancient remains of tombs, temples, and palaces. A part of the hill is so precipitous and thus inaccessible, the cliffs being in places nearly 1,000 feet high, and every path up to the fort was commanded by lines of defence forces.      Book Now


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